People always ask, “aren’t you afraid to go to Israel” and my answer is always not afraid any more nowadays than going to the movies, into a post office, store, or just walking on the street. It’s a sad commentary. Syria is in the news daily and we visited the Golan Heights captured by Israel in 1967 after the Syrians had constantly barraged Israeli towns and farms from the heights (4000 foot peaks) You can see villages and towns on the Israeli side up to the base of the mountains. It’s safe to say that whatever happens in the future Israel is unlikely to give this strategic area up. There has never been a peace treaty between Israel and Syria as there is with Jordan and Egypt but in the 1970s the UN was able to broker a cease fire with a 9 mile demilitarized (no mans land) between the two. It’s been peaceful ever since.
Things are so complex in this region and more and more it’s hard to know if there is even a way to proceed to peace, whatever that means. While we have been here we’ve heard about the sad events of Nice, Istanbul, killings on the streets of the US and some attacks here as well. It’s a different world and more and more the rest of the world seems to be becoming more like this volatile part of the world. I have to hope for more enlightenment going forward but it’s hard to see how or when.
This is my last blog post for this trip as we are making our way home. It’s been amazing as always and with the “growing” family looks like I’ll be back in Jerusalem very soon.
Girls walking to school by themselves. In the US one hardly ever sees children so young without adult supervision. Isn’t it ironic for the place that is supposed to be so “dangerous” that the risk to children is so minimal.
In the orthodox communities there is no “screen time” so kids are outside playing, riding bikes, jumping rope, and being kids as we were in the “olden” days.
Unfortunately this is part of the security fence that separates Israelis and Palestinians. I would hope that one day this wall could come down but it’s looking less and less likely.
There are checkpoints between Palestinian areas and Israeli areas and some within Israel itself especially between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and close to the airport. I would not be surprised if we start to see this in other countries as well.
Building is even going on in the Palestinian areas, which can be seen as a positive thing although this is West Bank, not Gaza.
Mileage markers on the Golan Heights to Baghdad (80 kilometers), Damascus (60 kilometers), Jerusalem (240 kilometers)
Mileage sign to Washington DC (can’t read how many kilometers but many) and Amman (135 kilometers), Kiryat Shmona on the Lebanese border (25 kilometers)
UN observers: New Zealand, Switzerland, Netherlands. They are monitoring the cease fire between Israel and Syria from inside Israel because of the danger inside Syria.
Looking out over Syria it’s hard to believe that this peaceful landscape is close to where a war zone and tremendous suffering is happening.
Israeli tanks on the road up the adjoining mountain with radar surveillance at the top. The no mans land between Syria and Israel is an area where neither one can be, but the rebels in Syria of course don’t abide by any rules and are there so it requires constant monitoring to keep them out of Israeli territory.
On Mount Bental overlooking the Golan Heights are sculptures made from scrapped military hardware. This one is George and the Dragon.
This one is a shopping kangaroo!
The epic view of one of the holiest sites on the planet and also one of the most hotly contested. From left to right the Muslim quarter with the minaret of a mosque, the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount, the Western Wall of the ancient Jewish Temple, and a covered walkway up to the Temple Mount when they have it open for visitors.
In the Arab Shuk in Jerusalem you can purchase Jewish, Christian, or Muslim religious articles all in the same place. Also fake antiquities from Egypt and the Near East.
And here is the tee shirt seller who has “Free Palestine” tee shirts alongside “Israeli Army” tee shirts. Business in business…
Understanding geography becomes more and more important as we are a global community and as things get more and more complicated around the world. If you look at a map and consider that in some ways the Mediterranean is in the middle of everything look to the most eastern edge of the sea and there is Israel. Jerusalem, only an hour from the sea has for generations been the center of the center and a crossroads in many ways.
This is a 16th century mosaic of a map that shows Jerusalem at the center of the then known world. It’s on the wall just outside of the Jerusalem City Hall.
Inside the Jaffa Gate (one of 13 gates of the city) you find buildings that used to house consulates such as the US consulate. Now they are cultural centers for various countries at the meeting point of the Arab and Armenian quarters.
The so called Tower of David has nothing to do with King David. It’s a perfect example of what we’ve been talking about- syncretism. First site was Hasmonean (Maccabee of Chanukah fame), then Herodian, then Byzantine, early Muslim, and finally crusader and Mamluk. This all took place one on top of the other for about 2000 years.
Entrance to the Jewish quarter, actually the second smallest quarter in the old city.
This viewpoints shows you the Roman Cardo in the foreground, the Jewish quarter in the middle ground wth the dome of the rebuilt Hurva synagogue and a mosque in the background. It’s all in one very small place.
The synagogues of the Jewish quarter were blown up by the Jordanians when they took control of the entire old city and for many years the arch you see below the dome of the Hurva synagogue was all that remained. This new structure was rebuilt in the style of the original.
Another viewpoint shows us the Mount of Olives cemetery in the background, the Al Aksa Mosque in the middle ground and some of the destroyed and rebuilt sections of the Jewish quarter in the foreground.
Left to right are a mosque, Dome of the Rock (on the Temple Mount), the Western Wall holy to Jews, and a covered walkway that takes visitors to the Temple Mount.
In the Muslim quarter the roads to various gates intersect. We are standing at the intersection of the road leading to the Jaffa gate (and the port of Jaffa on the Mediterranean where up to the beginning of the 20th century one took a ship to from Europe or elsewhere to visit the holy sites). What we are looking down here in this alley is going to the Damascus Gate and out to East Jerusalem. The Damascus Gate used to take one to Syria, an important trading center for the entire Middle East. Many goods sold in the Shuk (market) were made in Syria and some still are.
This is the Christian quarter so you can see how much different this looks with wide streets and lots of light.
Exterior of Church of the Holy Sepulchre, not a church exactly, a shrine of the supposed place where Jesus was crucified and then buried inside a burial cave. The next day, of course, his body was gone.
Throughout the Christian quarter you can find these kinds of structures, that make you feel like you are in a European city. It’s no coincidence since much of this quarter was built by Europeans mostly in the 19th century.
This marks the slab where Jesus body was laid out for Jewish burial rites. Jesus was a Jew and the painting on the wall behind depicts these rites.
One must ask the question how all this could have taken place inside the city. Remember the walls of the city changed over a long period of time with constant expansion so where the church is located was actually outside the city at the time.
So many denominations have vied for control over the Church of the Holy Sepulcher that over time they’ve been restricted to certain hours and certain sections and no one wants to take care of repairs. They have finally come to an agreement to repair the badly deteriorating interior.
As we leave the city and return back to the “modern” Jerusalem we immediately encounter a shopping mall called Mamila designed by the Israeli architect Moshe Safdie. It’s a stark contrast to where we have just been.
We have been staying in Nahlaot a neighborhood in Jerusalem that was established at the end of the 19th century. Prior to that everyone lived inside the old city of Jerusalem. Now in between Nahlaot and the old city an entire modern city has grown up and people say the crane is the national bird of Israel. The old city is divided into quarters (though uneven ones). The muslim quarter has 25,000 residents, the Christian quarter has approximately 5000 residents, the Armenian quarter has approximately 1000 residents, and the Jewish quarter has about 3000 residents. The city has 12 gates though not all are open and functioning (more on this in another posting).
This is the Jaffa Gate, the most well trafficked of all the gates in and out of the city.
This view shows you how diverse the visitors through this gate are. Among the individuals are a man waiting for Muslim prayers, an Israeli soldier, orthodox residents, and many tourists.
Just inside the gate if you look up there is an inscription carved into the lintel declaring the greatness of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1538.
Now to how signs give you such a historical perspective: on the top another carved inscription and below the British road sign first in English and then in Arabic identifying the Jaffa gate. Below that is a sign in Arabic first identifying the gate, then below that in English. In 1967 when Israel captured the old city they added the Hebrew on top of the Arabic/English.
After passing through the Jaffa Gate on the way to the Jewish quarter you pass through the Armenian quarter which is walled within the walls of the old city. Unless you are Armenian you can’t enter this section.
Intersection signs: Ararat Street (Armenian)- Mount Ararat is where Noah’s ark was supposed to have landed. The other sign is Ohr Chaim (Light of Life) Street leading to the Jewish quarter. Also notice the multiple layers of stone, older closer to the bottom, newer above.
This alley leads to the more residential part of the Jewish quarter, a section I had never been to before.
Up to 1948 and the establishment of the State of Israel there was a small continuous Jewish community inside the old city though they were at great risk and had to surrender and leave when the old city was taken by the Jordanians. You can see a rifle that is in the window left in place from that time. Until 1967 Jews did not have access to their holiest site, the Western Wall.
A boys elementary school inside the Jewish quarter where the students attend 364 days a year! The only day off is Tisha B’Av (coming up next week), a commemoration of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem of which the Western Wall is a portion.
Across the courtyard is another school, a more modern orthodox school with the regular 6 day a week school week and a month off in the summer.
This carved verse from Zechariah (Chapter 8) says: “Once again men and women of ripe old age will sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each of them with cane in hand because of their age. The city streets will be filled with boys and girls playing there.”
This elderly gentleman (aged in his 90s) and his wife in her 60s have lived in the old city since the 1970s.
When one visits a city to see the important “sites” there are things you miss in the every day world of the residents. Of course, a city like Jerusalem is full of subtle life elements that an ordinary visitor would certainly miss. Traveling in a country like Israel that is full of history, past and present is always with you. One does not take a step without thinking about what is underfoot from ancient times, how people incorporate the ancient with the new, how people make their faith meaningful for the modern world we live in, all questions that come up daily in this place.
For those of us who live on the North Coast of California we often are confronted with when something is “home” and when it’s a “tourist destination.” When we live in a place, we often don’t see the sites that visitors do and vice versa. And sometimes the places we hold dear, holy, or pristine become tourist destinations in spite of our efforts.
A display of various piles of astroturf. In a desert climate where water is precious and soil is even scarcer in a city environment one might like to have a little greenery. Also, one of the most important Jewish holidays called Sukkoth requires you to build a temporary hut outside your house and often people put down astroturf to make the carpet inside the hut.
Looking out the window of the restaurant where we had lunch following our visit to Bet Shean and there it was, the ancient astroturf.
In an apartment by the entrance is a patch of stone that is not stuccoed and painted to remind the inhabitants that nothing is “finished” and especially remembering the destruction of the Temple here in Jerusalem. Things remain incomplete so therefore, we should leave a bit of our home incomplete as well.
“Do We Have a Minyan?” by Dov Abramson, 2006. A minyan is the quorum of 10 men (or 10 people depending on your tradition) for prayer. It does not generally include anyone under the age of 13. The words they are holding say (right to left): Save Your People
Right to left again: And bless your inheritance
(Right to left again): And tend them and carry them
Forever…. this phrase is part of “Pesukei Dezimra” at the start of the daily morning service.
Wall of the breakwater of Caesarea with a modern Neptune like figure similar to one you can buy across the road.
Walls of the ancient tower at Caesarea that guided sailors into the harbor at night now a bistro.
Excavations on the bottom boutiques on top.
Power plant in the background fallen columns in the foreground.
Capitals of columns as adornment along the walkway.
Sarcophagus in front of the mosque that is in the process of refurbishment. By the way noting that this is “real” grass.
Sarcophagus top in front of a crusader structure that is a shop selling Roman glass and artifacts.
Rosh Pina is a small town in the north that we really like partly because it reminds us of home. Just as at home it is changing as it’s been “discovered”
Old simple homes built by some of the 19th century immigrants from Europe are being turned into bed and breakfast or rental cottages, old stone on the outside IKEA on the inside.
Pina Ba’Rosh, one such inn and small world it was the home of the grandparents of the inn owner where we stayed two nights earlier closer to Lake Tiberius.
This is the view from Rosh Pina on the top of the hill looking out over the Golan (Syria beyond) but notice the pile of stones below. Do you think they are getting ready for expansion?
I have not been to Caesarea since I was a student in Israel in 1970 when one could enter the park, sleep on the beach, pick up shards of Roman glass or ancient Roman coins occasionally. Now the park is totally developed with an event space for weddings, lots of shops and restaurants scattered among the ruins. So a bit about what Caesarea was.
The original fortified town called Strato’s Tower served as a desirable anchorage starting in 259 BCE. Herod the Great built a port here in approximately 25 BCE called Caesarea Maritime, in honor of the emperor. Remarkably the entire town and port were completed in 12 years. Herod was a mixed bag as a ruler but one thing he excelled in what playing all sides to his advantage. It served as the administrative center for the Roman control of Palestine. It subsequently became an important Byzantine center and was a very prosperous trading center. Eventually it was taken over by Arabs around 630 and they controlled it until the Crusades came to these shores in the 11th century, and even Louis IX came along “for the ride.” It eventually fell into obscurity after a series of earthquakes and is now a national park with active archaeological excavations to this day.
To me the most striking thing is the aqueduct that runs along the shoreline.
Today it’s a popular beach for swimming and kayaking though the Mediterranean is always rough.
Old city port fortifications from Crusader times. You can see the walls and a moat below. These were last reconstructed by Louis IX in 1251.
The entrance is distinctly Frankish.
Some of the first ruins you see are called vaults and part of a long term restoration project. Many stones were removed and used at other sites so it’s a challenge to figure out what belongs where.
This is a perfect example of how archaeologists do their work. You can see the strata of dirt that has to be removed to unearth what is behind.
Diagram that shows the excavation process.
These are the main buildings of the port. The water came right up to the steps you see partially restored. Since ancient times this has filled in and the actual sea is now about 500 feet away.
This helps to get a sense of what these structures looked like in Herod’s day.
A nymphaeum (fountain) that leaves a little less to the imagination than the one we saw in Bet Shean. Here the infinity pool gives you the sense of how it may have looked and the statue is a reproduction.
Adjacent to the fountain is the bema (raised platform of the synagogue), all that is left as Caesarea was primarily a non-Jewish city.
Looking out to sea where the entrance to the ancient port was.
One side of the breakwater- excavations in the distance. Just to give you an idea of this port, stone blocks were lowered into the sea at a depth of 20 fathoms. Most were 50 ft. long, 9 ft. high, and 10 ft. wide, some even larger. On top of this seawalls were built and the harbor structures which are now 80 meters inland from the water.
Southern side of the breakwater, now a popular snorkeling spot. There are 17 shipwrecks sunken in the former harbor.
Once again a main thoroughfare with shops on both sides. The Cardo boasted an extensive sewer system under the road.
Once again a main thoroughfare with shops on both sides.
Identified as a tavern on one side of the road.
A mosaic floor across the road.
The main bathhouse
A small segment on mosaic floor randomly placed near the bathhouse.
The bathhouse floor, half still visible, the other half destroyed.
The outside bath area. Nice location overlooking the sea. Three of the many columns are now in Venice.
Emperors private bath
Crusader gate to enter the hippodrome.
Chariot races held in the most amazing setting.
Bronze reproduction of a 1st century ceramic oil lamp showing a 5 horse race that would have taken place in the Hippodrome.
Hippodrome built in the 2nd century for equestrian sports. It was used for 100 years.
This diagram shows you the flow of the hippodrome which was done counterclockwise ending in front of the dignitaries. Pretty tight turns show the skill of the charioteers.
Tiered seating for the spectators of the chariot races.
Complex on the east side of the hippodrome added after the hippodrome was no longer in use. Races held there every 5 years.
Descending the stairs to the hippodrome.
Looking north to the Cardo (main street for commerce).
Could not identify the purpose of these niches.
Mosaic of Ibexes
Working on cleaning mosaics still works in progress.
Entrance to the Roman Theatre, displaying portions of sculptures found on the site or reproductions. First Roman theater built in the country, accommodated 4000 viewers.
They were preparing for a concert later the day we were there so we couldn’t go inside. During Byzantine times the back of the stage was fortified to become part of the defenses towards the sea.
Reconstruction of how the theatre would have looked. You can see how it would be similar to the one in Orange, France which still has it’s stage wall.
Portions of the theatre found and nicely displayed. Mostly cornices and portions of arches.
An unusual lion capital.
A garden for relaxation between the theatre and the hippodrome. The columns are reproductions.
Near the theatre a slab with an inscriptions identifying the notorious Pontius Pilate of crucifixion fame.
The inscription reads: Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judaea, made and dedicated the Tiberieum to the Divine Augustus.
In the last blog post I spoke about Zippori which was home to many important rabbinical dynasties. When these rabbis passed away they were carried about 20 miles to Bet Shearim to a necropolis for burial. The traditions for death tell us a great deal about cultures. You’ve learned about the elaborate Egyptian customs, the Etruscan, and some of you have learned about the Chinese tradition of burial in mounds with 1000s of clay figures. In Bet Shearim one can find Jewish motifs alongside Roman and Christian carvings. Many inscriptions appear in Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Palmyrene. Grave robbers thought Jewish tombs would contain treasure and chiseled out holes in each of the sarcophagi to find nothing. The archaeologists found scattered bones that were buried in a nearby cemetery. The most famous of the rabbis buried here is Rabbi Judah Ha’Nasi.
Bringing us to the present I’ve included some images from a more modern day concern for honoring the dead seen in my walks in Jerusalem.
One of the entrances to the necropolis that has many branches.
You can see the chisel marks inside the cave that shows how intensive the creation of this necropolis (city of the dead) was. Each of the caves has many branches that go way back into the hillside.
This is a piece of a stone entrance door that was carved to simulate a wooden door.
One of the first tunnels, one of the shorter ones. Just to give you an idea, Rabbi Judah Ha’nasi who is buried in one of these tunnels was carried from Zippori over 20 miles to be buried here.
On either side of the cave shafts are sarcophagi and some burial niches. Of course, wealthier and more important people would have been buried in the stone sarcophagi (coffins)
This entrance is to the largest of the caves and as you can see has been partially reconstructed, a good example of this.
The decorations on the sides of the sarcophagi give a clue as to who might have been buried there (their religious tradition not who the individuals were).
Lions as we have seen in many civilizations are a symbol of strength and royalty.
The symbol of the bull, also a symbol of strength
Decorative end panel featuring an eagle, not usually a Jewish symbol so this is more likely a Roman sarcophagus (the bull from previous image is on the cover).
Some of the images are more elaborate and some a bit more simple in their decoration. All the sarcophagi were broken into (broken top) by grave robbers who found nothing beside the bodies.
The symbol of Nike (winged victory) if you were a Roman or a winged angel if you were a Christian.
More finely carved detail.
A little less finely carved though carved both top and bottom.
Telling a story of the “hunt”
A final image through the wall of one shaft into another- yet again another lion.
A Hebrew inscription identifying the sarcophagus for a young child (15 months) a granddaughter of the great Rabbi Gamliel.
Continuing deeper into the main cave to a large room dug out.
This gives you a sense of the open space that we found with stacked plastic chairs. Because Rabbi Judah Ha’Nasi is buried here (his actual tomb was not accessible) people sometimes come here to pray or mark life cycle events such as weddings or bar mitzvahs (coming of age ceremonies) in the Jewish tradition.
A beautiful menorah carved into one wall of the open room.
Looking out towards the opening.
One of the caves turned into a museum of artifacts found inside the caves.
This giant slab of ancient glass was probably already in this location as I can’t imagine how they might have moved it. Produced between the 4th and 6th centuries using 10 tons of raw material (sand mostly) heated to over 1800 degrees fahrenheit for 5-10 days! The poor quality of the end product and that it was left here indicates they were not able to complete the job and who knows what its purpose was.
Coffins made of leather or lead.
The following three slides are portions of a carved arch. The pink color is just from the lighting.
The posters you see on the side of the building in the background announce the death of someone in the community, when and where the funeral will be and “comforting” the family of the deceased.
This van tells you that it is a van of the “Hevra Kadisha”, the burial society that takes care of the body preparing it for burial. This is something people do voluntarily and is considered a great mitzvah (righteous deed). It was parked in the same day two days in a row and on the third day it was moved so I assume they had to bury someone. In the Jewish tradition one is buried as close to 24 hours after death but in Jerusalem definitely within 24 hours even if it’s in the middle of the night.
A shop that sells memorial plaques. Jews honor their dead parents or children each year on the anniversary of their death. A “business” exists to sell memorial plaques installed in the synagogue as a way to honor the dead and also a reminder to the mourners that this is the anniversary. They have little lights that are lit. It also tells the rest of the congregation so they can also acknowledge it.
Zippori (Sephorris) is my most favorite site in northern Israel. I’ve been here at least 4 or 5 times and every time there is something new to see as this is an active archaeological dig. Those of you taking ancient art history will see some of the images from Zippori in the Voice Thread entitled “Syncretism”. Just an update on Zippori if you are new to this, it is in the lower Galilee and is another important crossroads to the coast.
It includes Hellenistic, Jewish, Roman, Islamic, Crusader, Arabic and Ottoman evidence of habitation there. Let’s say it’s a treasure trove for archaeologists.
The Cardo main street from 63 BCE
Digging on either side of the Cardo probably preparing for the archaeology students who will come in the fall.
The grooves that you see in the stones are from carts going down the street.
Reproduction of one of the carts that would have traveled along the Cardo.
Zippori is famous for its mosaics and this is one I have not seen before adjacent to the road intersecting the Cardo.
Orpheus Mosaic was unearthed in 1995 and it dates to the end of the 3rd century CE. It shows scenes from daily life though is a good example of how syncretism works. If you want to interpret a work to suit your beliefs perhaps you might think this is a scene of baptism.
This shows how mosaics were found when excavated. They can be rolled on to a drum and taken for restoration as many of them have been at Zippori.
The Nile House contains some of the most detailed mosaics at Zippori.
The floors are wetted to show the vivid colors of the mosaics, made from natural stones and pieces of glass.
Just walking around you find these exquisite little gems of detailed mosaic.
Amazons, something new I learned- they are mythological female beings who cut off one breast so it would not get in the way of their weapons. These figures also remind me of Mithras, the Roman cult from the 2nd century.
The citadel which was established by Crusaders and then fortified by Arab invaders is at the top of the Zippori site.
A photo of early excavations at Zippori. The citadel/fortress was erected in the 12th century.
Inside the citadel you can still see the Byzantine arches that are both structural and decorative.
Looking out from the citadel you can see the “neighborhood” of houses. Archaeologists can tell a Jewish home from a Christian or Arab home from artifacts found in each one.
The famous Mona Lisa of the Galilee mosaic is part of a 54 square foot mosaic floor in the Dionysian House, probably the dining room. It is comprised of 1000s of tiny stones and glass.
This photo shows the beginning of restoration of the mosaic floor.
Mosaics even for the bathroom: this is an acrostic that says “To Health”. The rabbis who likely lived at Zippori taught “Who is wealthy? He who has a privy near his table”.
The synagogue has been identified by the elevated wall where the ark would be and the raised area called the bema (stage). Unusual here is that this one faces West instead of East.
In a part of the world that is so arid seeing this abundance of water seems nothing less than miraculous. This is Gan Ha’Shlosha or Sachne in Arabic, and yes it’s a national park enjoyed by all the residents of this part of the Galilee- Muslims, Jews, and Christians. Refreshing in so many ways. Nearby is an unexpected find that I had read about recently and wanted to check out. It’s the Arts Hall at Kibbutz Ein Harod, now an abandoned kibbutz with only the museum still functioning. This was one of the first museums built in Israel, in the 1930s. It was designed by one of the kibbutz members, Samuel Bickels.
It was inaugurated at the height of hostilities during Israel’s war of independence in 1947. It was the belief of the members of Kibbutz Ein Harod that culture was a necessity, not a luxury and this museum was built even before other necessary facilities for comfort or success.
Springs were widened into pools with warm water all year round. You may be able to see the arid hills behind, a stark contrast.
It’s a pleasure to see so many different kinds of people having a pleasurable afternoon together.
Burkinis on the upper path, swim trunks and hookas by the water.
And by way of sad contrast this peaceful line of walkers includes a number who have machine guns strapped across their chests, something one gets used to quickly in this part of the world.
Front entrance of Arts Hall, Ein Harod. Kibbutz Ein Harod existed from 1921-1952 when it was abandoned and split into two communities. This garden of sculptures looks both like a Japanese dry garden as well as abandoned farm tools from the defunct kibbutz nearby.
Museum considered one of the earliest examples of modernist museum architecture based exclusively on natural light. This museum was an inspiration to the famous architect Renzo Piano for his Menil Collection in Houston and numerous other architects have followed suit.
The natural light comes through skylights onto the walls. As far as I could tell all of the art is by Israeli artists, much of which looks quite derivative and dated when looking at the permanent collection of the museum.
What is refreshing is the more contemporary works and the prints and drawings. Here you can see how natural light is the only source of lighting in this room.
A special exhibit of prints and drawings by Israeli impressionists.
A new use for steel wool and felt, “The Jezreel Valley in the Dark” by Gal Weinstein, 2015
This and the next triptych painting reminded me of where we were earlier in the day, at Sachne. A community of people enjoying themselves. This one is titled “Yohanan and me” by Shira Gepstein Moshkovich, 2011
Jonathan Gold, “Green Bathers”, 2015, pigment and glue on canvas
Beautiful light in the contemporary gallery, especially falling on the large photographs as if they were part of the work.
More about water before finishing. What you are looking at is the view of Nazareth on the top of the hill where water springs bring water down to the valley and to the ancient town of Zippori (more about that in the next post).
This mosaic map shows the springs that brought water into channels man-made to distribute water in ancient times.
Yes, this is a mosaic map of the channels flowing towards Zippori.
An active archaeological and reconstruction zone (more on this in the next post)
The channel through which that water flowed in ancient times.
The channels were dug through the earth and lined with plaster. The plaster is now being repaired and preserved.
These tunnels were built in the 2nd century CE (not including the stairs)